By Grant Uyemura, DPT Student
What do the glutes do?
The glute is made up of 3 muscles glute maximus, medius, and minimus. The main action of the glute maximus is hip extension and external rotation. The glute medius acts as a hip abductor with anterior fibers assisting internal rotation while the posterior fibers aid in external rotation. The glute minimus is responsible for hip abduction and internal rotation.Why are strong glutes important?
Weak glutes can cause low back/hip pain, iliotibial band syndrome, patellofemoral pain
syndrome, and chronic ankle sprains.
Best exercises for glutes?
According to Distefano et al. they found the best glute medius exercises were side-lying hip abduction and the best glute maximus exercises was the single leg deadlifts and single leg squat. Boren et al. found that a front plank with hip extension was the best glute maximus exercise while a side plank with hip abduction was best for the glute medius. Both studies found that the best overall exercise for glute strengthening was a single leg squat.
Blog post written by Grant Uyemura, DPT Student from University of St. Augustine. At the time of publishing Grant was in a clinical rotation with me at Catz PTI.
1. Boren K, Conrey C, Le Coguic J, Paprocki L, Voight M, Robinson TK. Electromyographic
analysis of gluteus medius and gluteus maximus during rehabilitation exercises. Int J
Sports Phys Ther. 2011;6(3):206-223.
2. Distefano LJ, Blackburn JT, Marshall SW, Padua DA. Gluteal Muscle Activation During
Common Therapeutic Exercises. J Orthop Sport Phys Ther. 2009;39(7):532-540.
3. Macadam P, Cronin J, Contreras B. an Examination of the Gluteal Muscle Activity
Associated With Dynamic Hip Abduction and Hip External Rotation Exercise: a Systematic Review. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2015;10(5):573-591.